The Agile Manifesto
In mid February 2001, at the Snowbird ski resort in the mountains of Utah, 17 people met to solve a problem. What came out was the Agile Manifesto, a short but powerful statement of beliefs for how software could be better developed.
Manifestos are simply declarations of beliefs or opinions. Anyone could write a personal manifesto to declare what is most important to them. Organizations may have manifestos to communicate their vision. The Agile Manifesto was written by an informal alliance of representatives from Extreme Programming (XP), SCRUM, DSDM, Adaptive Software Development (ASD), Pragmatic Programming, as well as others sympathetic to the need for an alternative to the “heavy”, documentation-driven software development processes that was pervasive.
Manifestos need not be long – the Agile Manifesto contains only 68 words – but the message must use strong, affirmative language. Below is the complete text from the Agile Manifesto:
We are uncovering better ways of developing
software by doing it and helping others do it.
Through this work we have come to value:
Individuals and interactions over processes and tools
Working software over comprehensive documentation
Customer collaboration over contract negotiation
Responding to change over following a plan
That is, while there is value in the items on
the right, we value the items on the left more.
|Kent Beck||James Grenning||Robert C. Martin|
|Mike Beedle||Jim Highsmith||Steve Mellor|
|Arie van Bennekum||Andrew Hunt||Ken Schwaber|
|Alistair Cockburn||Ron Jeffries||Jeff Sutherland|
|Ward Cunningham||Jon Kern||Dave Thomas|
|Martin Fowler||Brian Marick|
© 2001, the above authors. This declaration may be freely copied in any form, but only in its entirety through this notice.
While this manifesto clearly and completely declares the four key values of Agile, the authors also communicated the twelve principles upon which these values are based.
The Agile Manifesto is a public statement professing their beliefs and intentions. Although it was originally drafted by only 17 men, it’s been signed by over 15 thousand people as of this writing. You can become a signatory as well. I signed in April 2011.